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Market Digest Nigeria

Economy

Oil producing states squandered over N6trn

oil

Over N6.589 trillion was received by eight oil-producing states from the Federation Account under the 13 percent derivation principle, between 2009 and 2019 according to a report published by ACIOE Associates.

oil

This picture taken on January 29, 2016 in Lagos shows 1000 naira banknotes, Nigeria’s currency.
Nigeria’s central bank governor, Godwin Emefiele, on January 26 dismissed calls to devalue the naira in his monetary policy committee statement. Instead he chose to continue propping up the currency at 197-199 naira to the dollar and maintain foreign-exchange restrictions. As a result, the naira on the black market is hovering around a record low of 305, fuelling complaints from domestic and foreign businesses who can’t access dollars required for imports. / AFP / PIUS UTOMI EKPEI (Photo credit should read PIUS UTOMI EKPEI/AFP/Getty Images)

The report released at a webinar in Abuja on Monday shows Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, and Edo states received N55.87 billion, N1.33 trillion, N1.388 trillion, N1.16 trillion and N118.85 billion respectively, while Imo, Ondo, and Rivers States received N1.28 trillion, N189.277 billion, and N1.057 trillion respectively.

In the report titled “Impact of the 13 percent Derivation Fund in the Niger Delta’, Funmi Adesanya, project lead, ACIOE Associates, noted that despite the huge fund allocated to the Niger Delta, its researchers found out that access to electricity remained minimal to people in the region, while absence of potable water, deplorable health care facilities and poor educational infrastructure continue to afflict the region.

It stated that: “Most of the basic amenities that exist in the selected oil communities are provided by either joint venture partnerships between the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) or Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) or the International Oil Companies (IOCs), as part of their corporate social responsibility.

“This trend is more prevalent in states like Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, and Rivers States where the IOCs provide water, health, electricity supply and education facilities pursuant to Global Memorandum of Understanding (GMOU) agreements between the IOCS and the respective oil producing communities in the aforementioned States.

“There is also a lack of a structured framework for commissioning infrastructure projects across the communities, which has left a number of oil-producing communities with little or no infrastructure.”

Also speaking on the findings, Ekenem Isichei, managing director of ACIOE, declared that the findings of the report were corroborated by data obtained from the Office of the Accountant-General, the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI), State Government Financial Statements, and interviews with host community members.

Charles Achodo, the special assistant to the Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, called for urgent clarification on the 13 percent derivation principle to forestall further abuse and mismanagement of the funds to the detriment of oil-producing communities.

He said: “When 13 percent is given, the governors share it among themselves. On the part of the Federal Government, they have done a poor job in terms of communication. It is supposed to clarify what the 13 percent is meant for; whether it is for the state or the communities where the oil is produced.

“The Act made it so broad; it did not specify the issue. The Act needed to be clarified, that it is not meant for the entire state, but for the oil-producing communities. Taking the resources at that subsidiary level would help achieve a lot at that level.”

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