The United States recorded 200,000 coronavirus deaths on Tuesday (Sept 22), an almost unthinkable milestone once, whose arrival underscored the failure of American leadership to contain the virus through spring and summer, said experts.
They also warned that with schools reopening and outdoor gatherings soon to be driven indoors by the coming cold, there could be more surges on the way.
Clinical trials for three vaccine candidates are underway but it will take some time before vaccines will be widely distributed, they added, despite President Donald Trump’s suggestion that a vaccine could be ready by Election Day on Nov 3.
“Every one of the 200,000 Americans killed by Covid is a tragedy, and most of these deaths did not have to happen,” said former Centres for Disease Control and Prevention director Tom Frieden.
“There is no fairy tale ending to this pandemic – not even a vaccine,” he added on Twitter.
Instead, he and others advocated wearing a mask, continued social distancing, and more strategic testing, rapid isolation, complete contact tracing, and supportive quarantine to save lives and livelihoods.
The US has made some progress, but slipped in other areas, Dr Frieden argued.
He said that while the national positivity rate has dropped – from a high of 20 per cent to 5 per cent now – America is also losing the ability to track the virus, with less testing overall and no reliable information on who is being tested.
“Most of the US is still failing to contain Covid. There are too many cases to test, trace, isolate. Even in places with fewer cases, there’s very little tracking of actual outcomes of testing and contact tracing,” he wrote in a commentary last week.
Mr Trump defended his administration’s handling of the virus on Tuesday, blaming China for not stopping the virus at its borders and saying that the death toll could have been as high as 2.5 million without his leadership.
“If we didn’t do it properly and didn’t do it right, you’d have two and a half million deaths,” he told reporters on the South Lawn. “You could have had a number that was substantially more.”
As US surpasses 200,000 Covid-19 deaths, Wisconsin sounds alarm over surges in cases
Mr Trump appeared to be referring to an Imperial College London model in March that predicted 2.2 million deaths in a worst-case scenario of an uncontrolled spread due to total government inaction – a low bar to clear.
“The US represents less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but more than 20 per cent of Covid-19 deaths. It didn’t have to be this way.
“Other countries used their resources to keep cases and deaths from accelerating. The US had these resources and more, but did not make use of them,” said Johns Hopkins University epidemiologist Dr Jennifer Nuzzo.
America’s nearly 7 million coronavirus cases and 200,000 deaths account for more than a fifth of the world’s total.
“It didn’t have to be this bad,” Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden wrote on Twitter.
Slamming comments by Mr Trump at a rally in Ohio on Monday that the virus affected “virtually nobody”, Mr Biden said: “We lost 200,000 mums and dads, sons and daughters, friends and co-workers. And not a single one of them was a nobody.”
Between 700 and 800 Americans are dying from Covid-19 daily, according to the Covid Tracking Project, down from the mid-August peak of around 1,200 daily deaths and all-time high of over 2,000 in April.
But the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington projects a most likely scenario of 380,000 total deaths by Jan 1 next year, a number that can be lowered to 262,000 deaths if almost everyone wears masks. If social distancing rules ease, the deaths could shoot up to 428,000, it predicts.
“Seasonality is the key driver, along with declined vigilance from individuals as we head into the winter,” said IHME director Chris Murray, citing data from cities in the southern hemisphere and strong seasonal patterns in pneumonia trends.
“As we predicted many months ago, the fall-winter surge has begun in Europe. It hasn’t yet kicked in in the US to the same degree… but everything that we see in the data tells us there will be that winter surge,” he added in an interview with the Centre for Strategic and International Studies this week.