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Prepare for third COVID-19 wave

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Prepare for third COVID-19 wave, Nigerians warned

As India continues to set a new global record for a rise in daily coronavirus cases for a fifth straight day, while deaths from COVID-19 also jumped by an all-time high over the last 24 hours, the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 (PSC) has warned Nigerians to brace up for a third COVID-19 wave.

On Sunday, India reported 346,786 new cases of COVID-19 for the previous 24 hours, with 2,624 deaths – the world’s highest daily toll since the pandemic began last year. Overall, nearly 190,000 people have died from COVID in the country, while more than 16.6 million have been infected.

The PSC warning came as the Rapid-Response initiative group of the Academy of Medicine Specialties (AMS) stated that to avoid a third wave of COVID-19 in the country, the Federal Government should close international airports to all flights for at least two weeks.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) director-general voiced alarm yesterday at India’s record-breaking wave of coronavirus cases and deaths, describing the situation as “beyond heartbreaking. WHO is doing everything we can, providing critical equipment and supplies, including thousands of oxygen concentrators, prefabricated mobile field hospitals and laboratory supplies,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told reporters in Geneva during a media briefing.

India’s unfolding coronavirus crisis is at its most visceral in the overwhelmed graveyards and crematoriums, as bright, glowing funeral pyres light up the night sky in its worst-hit cities. Outside crematoriums in cities like the capital New Delhi, which currently has the highest number of daily cases, ambulance after ambulance wait in line to cremate the dead. Delhi has been cremating so many bodies that authorities are getting requests to start cutting down trees in city parks for firewood as a record surge of COVID-19 collapses India’s tattered healthcare system.

MEANWHILE, the Federal Government has said that Nigeria will not accept vaccines from private and unverified sources due to warnings by international police organisations of the high rate of fake COVID-19 vaccines said to be in circulation, and reports of risks of adverse effects reported after vaccination.

Consequently, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) is pursuing initiatives to test and authorise more vaccines for use in Nigeria. Minister of Health, Dr. Osagie Ehanire, who gave the warning at the briefing of the committee yesterday in Abuja, said government has observed that not only vaccine hesitancy is responsible for the rising COVID-19 cases in India, but insufficient compliance with public health advisories, such as social distancing and wearing of face masks.

Ehanire stated that Nigeria is still expecting more AstraZeneca vaccines and is looking forward to acquiring J&J vaccines, a single shot vaccine that has been re-certified as fit for use by United States regulatory organs.

The minister explained that the Covax facility is to provide vaccines for at least 20 per cent of the population, “while the African Union vaccine purchase pooling facility AVATT, backed by Afrexim Bank, are our designated sources of vaccine acquisition.”

The minister observed that many more COVID-19 positive persons now present themselves voluntarily for treatment, adding that in the past two weeks only one patient in isolation centres had needed oxygen treatment.

Also speaking, Chairman of PSC and Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Mr. Boss Mustapha, noted that “experience in other countries warns us of the unpredictable pattern of COVID-19 resurgence as study of developments in places like Turkey, India, Thailand and Brazil with severe disease and high fatality ratios, helps us to recalibrate our response.”

The SGF observed that the vaccination programme was still progressing but the country still had reasons to intensify campaign against hesitancy. He disclosed that as of date, Nigeria has vaccinated 1,173,869 representing 58.3 per cent of the eligible persons targeted in the current phase, who have received the first dose of AstraZeneca vaccine. Boss Mustapha observed that this number is low in PSC estimation.

THE Federal Government also said it anticipates delay in vaccine supply to Nigeria, which may also affect and impact the remaining phases of the vaccination campaign. Executive Director of the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency (NPHCDA), Dr Faisal Shuaib, who disclosed this during the briefing by the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 yesterday in Abuja, explained that all states of the federation, including FCT, are currently administering only 50 per cent of their allocated doses of vaccines while the remaining 50 percent will be administered to clients who had earlier received the first dose, adding that this would be scheduled between 8 and 12 weeks from the date of their first dose.

Shuaib noted that notwithstanding vaccinating 1,173,869, the government was aware of the global scarcity of COVID-19 vaccines due to high demand, especially in countries where the vaccines are being produced. According to him, the Federal Government has signed up to receive about 29.8 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine through the African Union (AU) and is also expecting deliveries of vaccines through the Covax facility by the end of May or early June 2021.

IN its call for the closure of airports, the Academy of Medicine Specialties argue that as India was already grappling with the third wave, France, Germany, Italy and the Federal Government should be proactive. President, AMS, Prof. Oladapo Ashiru, told The Guardian yesterday Nigeria could not afford to have a third wave.

Ashiru, who is also the President, African Fertility Society (AFS) and Joint Pioneer of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) in Nigeria, said the Rapid-Response initiative group of the Academy of Medicine Specialties has issued urgent advisory to the Academy for the information and action of government and the public.

He said: “COVID-19 transmission is still active, although at a low level. The low level transmission is due largely to the lockdowns going on in Europe and some countries. The ongoing transmission in the country is caused largely by those inbound passengers from India and those countries with surges in the cases reported daily. Many of them travel into Nigeria in direct flights. Our testing strategy should still be Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based, but look for some other gene’s aside the S gene.”

Happi, a professor of Molecular Biology and Genomics in the Department of Biological Sciences, and the Director, African Center of Excellence for Genomics of Infectious Diseases (ACEGID) located at Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, noted in their most recent findings: “A new B.1. 1.318 variant that emerged in Nigeria with major characteristics of other Variants of Concern (VOCs) is spread out of the country in January this year and is creating havoc in Mauritius Island. The B.1. 525 that we discovered in Nigeria late last year are now the dominant variant in Nigeria (spreading faster than the UK B.1.1.7). This lineage is also spreading at a super fast speed in the United Kingdom (UK) and other European countries. The B.1.525 is now also the second most popular variant in Africa after the B.1.351Y V2 from South Africa.”

MEANWHILE, the second round of a WHO “pulse survey“ revealed that over one year into the COVID-19 pandemic, substantial disruptions persist, with about 90 per cent of countries still reporting one or more disruptions to essential health services, marking no substantial global change since the first survey conducted in the summer of 2020.

The WHO, however, noted that within countries, the magnitude and extent of disruptions has generally decreased. In 2020, countries reported that, on average; about half of essential health services were disrupted. In the first three months of 2021, however, they reported progress, with just over one third of services now being disrupted.

Director General, WHO, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said: “It is encouraging to see that countries are beginning to build back their essential health services, but much remains to be done.

SO far, the Federal Government, through the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), has refused to comment despite concerns that growing AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in East Africa that might have led to the expiration of the products.

Health campaigners, who raised the concerns, say the countries face destroying thousands of doses of COVID-19 vaccines that expired before they could be used.

The situation has raised concerns also in Nigeria that the over 1.3 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine remaining from the 3.92 million doses received from the COVAX Facility by the Federal Government in March 2021 might have expired.

According to reports monitored yesterday, Malawi was reportedly set to destroy more than 16,000 doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine, part of a shipment of 102,000 vaccines that arrived in the country in March, three weeks before their expiration date, donated by the African Union.

While the country has administered over 230,000 doses of vaccine, this has only been enough to cover one per cent of its population. It also received 360,000 doses of vaccine of the AstraZeneca vaccines from the COVAX Facility — which is aiming to get two billion doses this year to low- and middle-income countries — and the Indian government. According to Africa News, of the total number of vaccines that arrived in the country, however, just 46 per cent were used.

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